Common migraine ‘sub-types’
Brainstem aura – This includes visual, sensory and/or speech or language symptoms and also includes at least two of the following symptoms: slurred speech, vertigo (a sensation of spinning or dizziness), tinnitus (ringing in the ears), double vision, unsteadiness, and a severe sensitivity to sound.
Chronic – This is a headache that happens 15 or more days a month for more than 3 months. It includes migraine symptoms on at least 8 of those days each month.
Hemiplegic – Meaning ‘paralysis of one side of the body’. The aura that accompanies these headaches causes a temporary weakness on one side of the body. Because of the overlap in presentation of strokes and hemiplegic migraines these sorts of migraines are often treated with the utmost seriousness.
Menstrual – These usually happen within a few days either side of a woman’s monthly period starting. Women who get these may also have other kinds of migraine headaches at other times of the month, but the migraine around the menstruation is usually without aura.
Ocular (or Retinal) – This form of migraine is rare. They involve seeing colors, flashing lights or other visual disturbances in one eye only. The visual disturbance typically lasts for less than an hour, and is followed by a typical migraine headache.
Vestibular – With this type of migraine, vertigo is a prominent feature. The spinning sensation usually lasts between a few minutes and hours.